Service is the first shot played in a rally and if you do not have an understanding of every aspect of this shot then it can be hard to play badminton smoothly, so in this extensive guide you will learn who serve in badminton both in singles and especially doubles where most beginners get confused and also how to decide who will do service first in badminton.
What things you will learn
- How to decide who serve first
- Service rotation in singles
- How service rotation works in doubles
- Who will serve after completion of a set
So if you are searching this on google then I am assuming that you have some basic knowledge about service rules etc. but if not read this article on my website.
How to decide who will do the service in a badminton match
Just like in any other sport in badminton before starting a match, toss is performed to decide a couple of things
- Who will serve
- Who will take which courtside
Process of doing a toss:- A coin is flipped by the chair umpire before the start of the match in the presence of all players
Whoever wins the toss gets two choices from which he/she has to pick one
- Service choice:- If a player wins the toss then he can decide whether he (or the pair in doubles) wants to serve first or not,
- Court choice:- Another choice which a player gets is choosing a side of the court, it might seem useless to a newcomer but as you start to gain experience you will learn about drifts( breeze flowing in-stadium affecting shuttle speed) in court and accordingly, you will choose your courtside.
These two choices are provided to a player who has won the toss and he can choose only one of this option.
The remaining choice will be given to his opponent
A tip for you guys:- If you do not have access to a coin during match use your shuttle to as decider, hold the shuttle by court and spin the shuttle.
Wherever the cork stops, the player who it is point to will win the toss
Before I starts explaining service rotation some things to know
if you are having points in odd number like 1, 3, 5 then you will serve from left box of court side diagonally to your opponent and if you are having points in even number like 0, 2, 4 then you have to serve from right box of your court side diagonally to your opponent.
Who will do service in singles Badminton (service rotation)
First service in a match:- As I mentioned earlier that a toss is done before match start to decide the server, so the first service will be done be player who either won the toss and chooses to serve or by the person who has lost the toss but his opponent is using the option of choosing the courtside
After losing point:- After the server loses a point next service will be done by his opponent
In simple language whoever wins the point will serve, period.
Service after an interval during a set:- In badminton after a player (first one) score 11 points both players are given 60 seconds of interval rest,
After the interval is over whichever player reached 11 point mark first will do the service
After completion of a set:- A set in badminton is of 21 points and best of 3 game is played, Service will be done by the player who has won the previous set during that match.
Who will do service in doubles (service rotation )
This is probably one of the most asked questions, how does service rotation works in doubles, so please read this section with utmost focus
Note:- In badminton, there are three types of doubles, men’s, women’s, mixed , service rotation is same in all three disciplines
First service in a match:- Same as in singles first service will be done by pair who has won the toss the want to serve or by pair who has lost the toss but their opponent has chosen court side
One more thing, it is not compulsory that a particular player will do the service or receive the service, before start of a match and after the toss has been done umpire will ask you which one the player will be doing service and vice versa.
Now let’s understand service rotation in doubles by the example of a match
The first service is done from right side of court diagonally to his opponent, here A is doing service because they won the toss and with a mutual decision(b/w winning pair) they decided A will do service, same is with receiving side
Now A and B has won the point and A will continue to serve but you can see in the picture that he is standing on left side while his opponent is in same position, this is because only the person who is doing the service will change his court and he is standing on left side because in badminton if your points are in odd number you should serve from left side
In the next rally, A and B lost the point , now C and D will serve. You can see in the diagram that every player is in same position as they were in the second point and now D is doing the service
This is because the score is in odd number for team C and D so the player who was standing on the left side in second point will do the service, you cannot change place by your own choice during serving and receiving instead you need to follow this rule regarding rotation
A and B win a point, now you can see in the picture that B is doing the service to C this is because the score for A and B are in even number and in badminton if your score is in even then right side court will be used to serve.
B was standing on the right side during the last point so he should be doing the service for even number.
Again C and D win a point, you can again see that position of all the players is same because in last point service did not last for more than one point
C is serving to B because at last point he was standing on the right side and we know that in badminton even no. score’s service is done from right side
Note:- During deuce and advantage same rule will be followed
Service after an interval
After a pair (only one time) reaches 11 point intervals is allowed to the players after the interval is over whoever was doing the serve on the 10th point will continue to serve and receiving players should stand where they were standing on the last point they played.
If the pair who won the point was not doing the service before the interval than the scoring pair will do service, but you might be thinking which player of that pair will serve?
The person who was standing on the left side during the receiving phase will do the service
Service after a set is completed
A set in badminton is of 21 points and best of 3 game is played, Service will be done by the pair who has won the previous set during that match, but which player?
Again it is up to you, winning pair is free to choose who will do the service in second set and same thing applies to receiving end
Thank you for reading…