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As a beginner it can be very difficult to know little but crucial things like how to stand in badminton?who would have thought about it. In this article you will learn every single stance(ready position) performed by top players.

To quickly answer your question, these are the ready position performed in badminton

  • Attacking stance
  • Defensive stance
  • Serving stance
  • Receiving stance
  • Net stance

Every stance have it applicability, if you want to learn more in depth keep reading this article.

Ready position refers to the stance of your body while receiving a certain type of stroke this is a very important concept in badminton if you know the correct badminton stance then it can make your movement more smoother, quicker and will reduce the danger of getting injured.

Attacking stances

Attacking stance is mainly used while making smash, as you see in the picture below, player is shifting his body weight to dominant leg.

Next step would be pushing whole body by generating power from ground and then hitting smash. There are so much thing you can do if you have the right technique with this position, one of the thing is playing a deceptive shot because most of the time  your opponent will be thinking that you are going to play a Smash when you are in attacking stance but then suddenly making a drop Shot  or attacking clear  is a good tactic to use specially in singles.

The key is to have your racket up in front of you so that you can time the birdie as you swing the shot to be in front of you the entire time, rather than back of your body where the Halfway point might possibly be Above you rather than in front of you.

Step by step guide

  • Get behind the shuttle(so that if you leave it, must land before your body)
  • Turn your body(to side court)at 90 degree to the net
  • Open you legs wide apart
  • Raise you racket arm and non racket arm
  • Transfer body weight to your racket leg
  • And hit the shuttle

Where to use this?

How to Practice?

If you are at home alone and want to practice this stance then mimic these steps which I  told you earlier without a shuttle try to do 20 time (3 set).

You can also make this more realistic at home by tying  shuttle from roof (If you do not have any hook on the roof using a cello tape will also do the work) and hanging at height so that when you fully extend your racket arm shuttle will touches it’s face.

When you are in the court ask your partner to field shuttle to back Court so that you can continuously hit smash it will improve your timing and speed while making shot.

Defensive stance

For defensive stance in badminton you have to have your legs slightly apart, knees slightly bent to lower your center of gravity , For Doubles your racket should be in front of you staying flat because for Doubles games most people smash so you might as well get ready with the racket lower already.
For singles defense instance you have to have your racket outward little bit so that you can reach the shot if the shots are away from you.

badminton stance

badminton stance

Step by step guide

  • Open your legs more than your shoulder
  • bend your knees little (like in picture)
  • keep your upper body little bit forward
  • raise both you arm above your hips
  • and defend it

When to use it?

Whenever you hit a High Clear or perform a High Serve, move to your base position and adopt the defensive stance. Ideally, you want to be at your base position before your opponent hits the attacking shot.

Mostly in double defense stance is used regularly as the number of attacking shot are played more in comparison to singles,

Remember this

if you can judge the height of shuttle when it reaches you then you can have your racket ready at that height. Your racket should be no higher than net, and should generally be above your waist, unless you are expecting it to  come down very steep, because your opponent is further forward or jump smashing. In this case, also widen your stance and bend your knees more.

How to practice?

If you are at home take  a shuttle , racket and start doing wall practice but this time draw a line which is equal to your eye level on the wall and bend both of your legs little bit just like you are in a defensive stance and try to hit shuttle below that line.

Also instead of hitting with only forehand or backhand keep changing direction of shuttle so that you are hitting from both of your side.

If you are on Court then ask your partner to take a desk and stand on it with some shuttles and racket now he will start hitting slow shots to both side line and your goal is to to make shuttle crossover the net, doing 30 shuttle in each round for 5 set is enough(twice a week).

Serving stance

Mainly there are two types of serving stance

  • Backhand serve stance
  • Forehand serve stance

Backhand serve stance

There is no particular way to stand while doing a backhand serve but most commonly badminton players adopt position(as shown in above picture) by keeping their racket leg forward and non racket leg backward making a l shaped with non racket leg heel lifted above the ground.

Advantage of adopting this position is that it keeps you ready for those sharp net returns your opponent might play against your service, as the net shot will come on quicker than the lift that is why most player keep this position,because it make easier for them reach the net shot more Quicker.

Another way of standing during service is to keep both your feet close (see the fig. above)

This is mainly used in men’s doubles because it helps the server to reach as much close to the front service line which results in having more control in the serve


  • Don’t move your feet and body while serving
  • If your foot is on center line or on front line while serving it will be a fault
  • Hit the shuttle below your waist
  • Do serve only by wrist and your full arm pronation
  • Always serve to cross court
  • Only single action of racket is allowed for serve

Forehand serve stance

Forehand serve

Forehand serve

Forehand service are mostly performed by women singles player nowadays and the reason for it is that most of the singles player cannot perform high speed smash against quality long service, men’s singles player also used to use this service in the early 2000’s but as the racket technology improved speed of the shuttle keeps getting faster that’s why nowadays you see almost all of the men’s single player using backhand serve.

Serving position for forehand is opposite to backhand serve here your racket leg is position in the back while your non racket leg is pointing to your opponent.

In simple word to perform forehand stance make a “T” shape with your legs where your no bracket leg is vertical and racket leg is horizontal now make some space between these two legs until you start feeling comfortable as shown in the picture above and as you serve lift your racket leg Heel(not toe) and complete your swing.

One thing to keep in mind that you are not allowed to lift any of your foot Off The Ground while you are performing a forehand serve.


  • Don’t move your feet while serving
  • If your foot is on center line or on front line while serving it will be a fault
  • Hit the shuttle below your waist
  • Always serve to cross court
  • Only single action of racket is allowed for serve

Receiving stance

Every player have different style of receiving the serve some have more aggressive stance(Second Fig.) and some have more relaxed stance (First Fig.)  so you can stand at position just keep on mind these rules to avoid any kind of faults while receiving the service.


  • Don’t move your feet and body while receiving
  • If your foot is on center line or on front line while serving it will be a fault
  • Moving before the service is a fault

In doubles receiver always try to be more aggressive so a most commonly position for receiving a serve standing as close to the front service line transferring your body weight on to your non racket leg as shown in the picture by bending your knees a little bit extending your racket and no racket arm forward to come as close as possible to net area.

The basic reason for using this position is to make pressure on server and force him/her in making an service error.

In singles players use more relaxed stance as opponent have more area to serve.

Net stance

net shot forehand

Net stance enables you to take the shuttle at the highest point when you’re at the net.  When exchanging net shots,  make sure you take the shuttle as early as possible.

Net area is very important in badminton specially when you are looking to create opening during rally , One of the main objective of training net shot is to create opportunities in the rally to force your opponent make loose shot, so that you can win the rally by finishing shot.

Step by step guide

  • Place your racket foot forward; non-racket foot at the back.
  • Place your racket in front of your body, slightly above waist height.
  • Raise your non-racket arm for body balance.
  • Place your body weight slightly forward and get ready to pounce forward.

When to use?

Net stance is used when you have the idea that your opponent is going to play a net shot.

If you have some basic knowledge about footwork in badminton you will know that you have to take more step to reach net shot.

So net shot can be effective if you want to make your opponent move more on Court.

How to practice?

If you are at home tie shuttle from a stand to make shuttle equal to eye level now you have to do is keep your racket fully extended and non racket arm opposite side the reason of of keeping shuttle tied at eye level because it will create habit of taking shuttle early at net which is most player objective while there going for net shot.

If you are on Court ask your partner to have 10 shuttles now take position in center of court and perform footwork to net area as you start your movement, feeder will drop a shuttle near net and you have to dribble that with an objective of taking shuttle as high as possible

Do 3 set of 10 shuttle to improve your net stance.

Comment down on which topic you want help in your game.

Thank you for reading……


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