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What are the rules of badminton? Question that beginner or a fan asks , In Badminton there are different types of rules related to various aspects, Badminton rules mentioned below are followed by professional.

Rules of badminton which is mentioned in the article:-

  • Badminton is played indoor
  • Equipment required for playing (according to BWF standard)
  • Starting a match with Toss
  • Scoring system in badminton
  • Deuce and advantages
  • Service rules in singles and doubles
  • Faults in badminton
  • Lets in Badminton

Keep reading to get more in depth knowledge about these rules.

These are the Latest Badminton rules

Badminton is played indoors

Some of you may be familiar with playing badminton on a beach, or in the garden. This is fine when you’re playing it as a casual game, but it doesn’t work when you start to get into competitive games.

Badminton is played with a shuttlecock and not tennis ball which is very light whether it is a nylon or a feather even the slightest of wind can change the trajectory and speed of shuttlecock that’s why you may have seen I was prevented have do not have fans but air conditioning.

Also in outdoor, if the court is cemented or hard surface then it can damage your racket if you accidentally scratch it against ground also if you leave in street where drains are open then you can predict what can possibly happen with the shuttle.

The shuttle is blown off course by even the slightest breath of wind. That’s why competitive badminton is always played indoors.

Basic Equipment needed to play badminton

Badminton is sport played by maximum 4 and minimum 2 person with equipment which include:-


Badminton racket are light as compared to squash or tennis where top quality racket range about 70 and 90 grams(with string). If you have any inexpensive racket before which your parents gift did you or or you got it because it was cheap than you will be surprised with the rates of top badminton rackets, when I first told my parents that I want to buy a racket and it is 70 dollar (rs 4860) they were shocked how can racket can be that expensive but there was a reason behind it,

some of the qualities are

  • graphite reinforced plastic( more durable)
  • Shaft can be bend
  • Balance of head and handle
  • How much tight string can be (I have played with racket reaching 32 lbs and trust me it is very tight)


There are two types of birdie available in market

  • Plastic/nylon shuttlecock(for beginner or recreational player)
  • Feather shuttlecock(for experienced player)


Feather birdie are used in international matches they are expensive and not very durable but it provides much much better experience of play then nylon shuttlecock.

Check out feather shuttles on AMAZON

badminton nylon shuttlecock

Nylon birdie are used by beginners and recreational player these are less expensive are very much durable but the reason why these shuttle are not used in international circuit is because are some play with these birdie their will be change in there speed which is not the same in feather shuttlecock .

Badminton rules also provide for testing a shuttlecock for the correct speed:

Test a shuttlecock, hit a full underhand stroke which makes contact with the shuttlecock over the back boundary line. The shuttlecock shall be hit at an upward angle and in a direction parallel to the sidelines.

A shuttlecock of the correct speed will land not less than 530 mm and not more than 990 mm short of the other back boundary line.

Indoor shoes

I remember entering in a court while wearing running shoes, immediately got scolded by coach and than he explained me why these shoes are not allowed in badminton court.

  • Outdoor shoes have rough sole which can damage synthetic or wooden court
  • So indoor shoes which have rubber sole provide more friction as compared to outdoor shoes

How a point is scored in badminton

Now as per the latest badminton rule a point is scored by player whenever a rally ends

Different ways a rally ends in badminton

  • When a player make fault
  • When shuttle lands outside line which is prescribed as valid by BWF
  • Hit shuttle in net
  • Double hitting shuttle with racket to make it cross the net
  • Shuttle hitting body of player
  • returning shot after it hits the ground

There are also various reasons, keep reading to find out about faults

Scoring system in Badminton

The Badminton 21 points scoring system started in the Thomas / Uber cup 2006.Current scoring system in Badminton approved by bwf is Best of 3 sets where each set is of 21 points. In this scoring system point taker will make service just like in tennis except bounce is not allowed in badminton.

Where as according to old rules , In singles, if the server loses a rally, the service would be transferred to the opponent. If the server wins a rally, their score is increased by one point. In doubles, if the server loses a rally, the service would transfer to their partner (except if serving first in the game) presenting a second opportunity to maintain scoring (second server). If service is lost again, service is transferred to the opposition. If the server’s team wins a rally, their team score is increased by one point.

In a game to 15 points, if the score reached 13–all, the player reaching 13 first would have the choice of “setting” or playing straight through to 15. If they choose to “set”, the score reverts to 0–0 and whoever scores five points wins the game.

If the score reached 14–all, the player reaching 14 first would again have the option to “set” or play straight through to 15. This time however, the winner would be the first to score three points. In a game to 11 points, setting would occur at nine and 10 with “setting” to three and two points respectively. In a game to 21 points, setting would take place at 19 and 20 points “setting” to five and three respectively.

System For Counting scores in badminton as a umpire

Even if you are not an Empire then learning this will help you in avoiding any problem in future because some time during club tournament your coach might ask you to become an Empire of a match so you should learn this concept.

It is not that much difficult as it is based on one rule which is you have to you tell score of server first and then follow up with score of receiver it will become more clear with this example

Suppose you have been appointed as an Empire for a match between a and b now now match starts you said love all(which is used when both player score is 0-0) a scored the first point so you will say 1-0 next point score is also win by a now score is 2-0 here you need to understand that you cannot save 0-2 because b is not doing the serve.

There is also one mole concept which is preparing score sheet so if you want to learn about that read this article, Learn in brief about scoring.

Deuce and advantages(badminton rules)

Suppose in a match you are serving for final point and your opponent is at 19 points, if your opponent scores a point(now the score is 20-20) then to win that set you or the opponent have to score two consecutive points to win a match.

Until the score reaches 29 points , after that there will be a golden point(Final single point whoever wins this take the match/set) in deuce and advantage situation.

It means score cannot be 31 points it will finish at 30 points if this type of situation arises.

Starting a match(Toss)

Before starting a match a toss of coin is performed to decide who is going to serve to whom and which side of court will be taken by respective players.

Now if you have a coin than go ahead and toss it, we use to perform toss why spelling shuttle from base and letting it stop on ground whichever side the base of shuttlecock will be win the toss.


1) to serve or to receive   or

2) the preferred side of the court.

The loser of the coin toss will then exercise the remaining choice.

Badminton rules [Service]


Singles service line

Singles service line

First let’s learn which shuttle is in which is out during serve, In single as you can see in the picture some area of court is colored now I have created this to make it easier for you to understand how service rule work so let’s begin

Service is always done diagonally which means that if you are serving from light color area then it should land on the other side of court in same color also shuttle which lands on the line is in,

Now let’s come to where you need to stand while serving, a simple rule is followed of odd and even suppose if your score is in 0,2,4 which are even then you have to serve from right side of your court and if your score are in odd number like 1,3,5 then you have to stand left side of the court.

Also unlike tennis if shuttle touches the net and then lands on receiver cold and it is in then that service is valid.

Note:- Your racket head should not be above 1.15m while service (New Rule)

Doubles Badminton rules (service)

Doubles service line

Doubles service line

If the shuttle lands outside the same color area(service are done diagonally) than it is considered as out (on the line shuttle is IN)

Rules are same as in singles but as their are two player in a team then service will be done in continuity means if A and B is playing A receive the first service and win the point now the next service will be of his partner B and he will continues to serve until  they lose the point. see the illustration below.

Note:- Your racket head should not be above 1.15m while service (New Rule)

Course of action / Explanation
Service from Service Court
Server & Receiver
Winner of the rally
Badminton rules

Badminton rules

Souce:- BWF

Now let’s understand this diagram match Begin A serves to C as the score is Love All which means even number score should be served from right side of the court now A and B Wins point, A will change service court , A service again from left service court and C and D will stay in the same service court. Now as I told you earlier in Doubles, service is done in continuity A will continue to serve and keep changing his service court until their opponent wins the point.

Service court of receiver player will not change.

This is a very important concept most of the player get confused specially in positioning during service in double so take your time read this illustration because it is the basics of doubles.

Which Shuttle is in which is out?

Badminton court

In the above diagram I have colored the area which is considered as in for singles match it means that whichever shuttle is landing in that color area is considered as valid, some people also ask me this question that what if the shuttle is landing on the line now whether it is in the colored area for landing on the line it is considered valid according to BWF rules.

For doubles, After the service every shuttle which land on court whether it is on the line or inside the line is valid.

Faults in Badminton

It is very much common that most of players play badminton without the presence of an umpire so it is necessary for a player to know the badminton faults that can give the point to your opponent.

I will be telling the basic faults which you can do while playing badminton as a beginner or even a professional.

Badminton faults types

  • Service Faults
  • Delays
  • Disturbing
  • Touching the net
  • Double hit
  • Net kill

If, either in service or play, the shuttle falls outside the boundaries of the court or passes through or under the net or fails to pass the net or touches the roof or sidewalls or the person or dress of a player.

(A shuttle falling on a line shall be deemed to have fallen in the court or service court of which such line is a boundary)the shuttle ‘in play’ be struck before it crosses to the strikers side of the net.

 when the shuttle is ‘in play’, a player touches the net or its supports with the racket, person or dress.he shuttle be held on the racket (i.e. caught or slung) during the execution of a stroke or if the shuttle be hit twice in succession by the same player with two strokes or if the shuttle be hit by a player and his partner successively.

In play, a player strikes the shuttle or is struck by it, whether he is standing within or outside the boundaries of the court. a player obstructs an opponent.


When lets occurs, players who served serves again. The following are considered lets:

  • A shuttle, after passing over the net, becomes caught in or on the net except during service;
  • A shuttle hits an obstruction that hangs over the court and is lower than the recommended 24-foot ceiling height;
  • During service, the receiver and server both fault at the same time;
  • The server serves before the receiver is ready, and
  • A line judge is unsighted and the umpire is unable to make decisions.

Learn in brief about faults and lets

Changing side of court

To give equal opportunity to both players side is changed at the end of each set and if the game is extended to Third set then after 11 point side of court will be changed so that both players can get equal opportunity to take advantage of court drift and other things.

If you are looking for rules and regulations as a recreational sport , You can also skip some badminton rules to avoid unnecessary burden.

Interval and Change of Ends

  • When the leading score reaches 11 points, players have a 60 second interval.
  • A 2 minute interval between each game is allowed.
  • In the third game, players change ends when the leading score reaches 11 points.



Remember if you face any problem in your badminton career.

Thank you for reading…….


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